Industry’s long tradition dates back to 1853 when the newly-built foundry successfully casted its first
cannon, marking the start of the Serbian metals/machine building industry’s development, but also of
the manufacturing in Serbia. Nowadays, it is still one of the most important sectors of the Serbian economy,
accounting for 6% of national GDP, with highly skilled workers, trained to meet European standards.
Companies within the sector vary in size and structure, as the metal processing sector is relatively diverse.
Large companies dominate the first part of the value chain, with significant economies of scale (production
of primary metals, primary processing of metals), while the companies operating in the processing and
manufacture of metal products subsectors are more specialized and customer-oriented SME's. In the
secondary processing such as casting, pressing, processing and coating of metals, the share of SME's is
Metal-processing accounts for 20% of the Serbian exports as it has always been very export oriented and
opened to collaboration with foreign companies. Italy, Germany and Bosnia and Herzegovina are the most
important markets, while thanks to the FTA with Russia Serbia has a growth of export to Russian market.